The brand new Church picked then to ignore the lawedit
The latest Legal did pay attention concerning no matter if Reynolds might use their religious beliefs just like the a security, while the Reynolds got argued you to, because an effective Mormon, it actually was his spiritual obligations to apply polygamy
Even though it y is a common practice in the Mormon faith, which this new Mormon religion keeps offered polyandry during the records, the simple truth is that the Mormon people do not routine polygamy, however, consider it getting a critical crime from the statutes of your own belongings, along with up against the legislation of one’s gospel.
Polyandry Example one to Lay Judge Precedent
George Reynolds belonged on Church from Goodness Christ from Second-Big date Saints (the new “Mormon” Church) as he is faced with bigamy from inside the 1874. The new LDS Church felt at the time the Morrill Anti-Bigamy Work off 1862 is actually unconstitutional, as it declined brand new Church’s people the authority to practice the faith easily by permitting these to keeps several spouses, which had been element of its faith. This new Morrill Anti-Bigamy Work is a laws, finalized of the Chairman Abraham Lincoln, one to banned polygamy, and you may limited the level of chapel- and you can low-profit-had regions in order to a maximum value of $50,000.
As the Utah try a much-flung nest, and you will Lincoln had his give full with the burgeoning Municipal Battle, the law wasn’t enforced. The cause of the brand new charges up against Reynolds are he elia Jane Schofield while he was still .
Reynolds is being employed as a secretary on the president of your LDS Church at the time. Meanwhile, brand new Church’s ruling looks agreed to assist the U.S. Finest Court which have a test situation who would help determine the fresh constitutionality of one’s anti-bigamy legislation by providing the brand new Judge having a beneficial defendant. Reynolds accessible to serve as one offender, to test whether the legislation violated the fresh man’s Very first Modification liberties. Then he offered to the brand new You.S. Attorneys numerous witnesses whom you will testify to the fact that Reynolds performed in fact has actually several wives, and this he was indicted to possess bigamy because of the a huge Jury into the Oct out of 1874.
Reynolds tried to feel the demo court teach the newest jury you to definitely when they believed he’d the amount of time bigamy towards just goal away from adopting the his faith, then should be located not liable. not, new court denied their request and you may instead coached the brand new jury you to when they found that Reynolds, under the influence of their faith:
“… purposely partnered the second day, which have an initial partner way of life, the wanted regarding understanding from worst intent-this new need from skills to your his area he is committing crime-did not reason your, however the legislation inexorably, in such cases, implies criminal intent.”
- It absolutely was his obligations, according to their faith, to endment secure their religious practices
- One to their huge jury wasn’t legally constituted (legitimate according to the laws)
- One pressures that were brought up by the particular jurors was in fact defectively overruled of the court
- You to people testimony provided are inadmissible because it actually was given upwards lower than various other indictment
This new Utah Territorial Best Court disagreed, however, and you may kept Reynolds’ phrase for the 1876. Regarding Court’s unanimous decision, it had been stated that:
“People with a husband or wife traditions, whom marries various other, if married otherwise solitary, during the a region, or any other place more than that United states provides personal legislation, is actually guilty of bigamy, and you can is going to be punished from the a superb away from Åžirket sitesi only $five hundred, by imprisonment to own an expression from not more than four many years.”
This new Judge did keep in mind that Congress do not pass a law that prohibits anyone out-of easily doing its religion. However, this new they kept that law one forbids bigamy cannot satisfy one to simple, which the theory that someone have to have one mate is tracked completely back to English laws lower than Queen James I away from The united kingdomt, upon which U.S. laws are created.